Palm Oil Engineering Bulletin No.135 (Apr - Jun 2020) p10-15
Options for Mitigating the Formation of 3-MCPD Esters in Palm Oil
Nuzul Amri Ibrahim*; Che Rahmat Che Mat*; Abdul Niefaizal Abdul Hammid* and Raznim Arni Abdul Razak*

3-monochloropropanediol esters (3-MCPDE) are classified as food processing contaminant which are formed due to heat treatment in the presence of chloride. The presence of the esters in food posed health risk to human since when consumed, they are converted into free 3-MCPD in the gut, which has been classified as ‘possibly carcinogenic to humans’ (IARC monographs, 2012). A recent report concluded that the esters could induce reduced sperm motility and kidney tubular hyperplasia (EFSA Journal, 2018). The findings were based on experiment conducted on rats by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain.

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